Sherri couldn’t figure out why the other moms in her son’s play group appeared to have it all together while she struggled to get her son to school on time and make it to the office without losing her cool.
During the week, she would watch in helpless frustration as her house descended into chaos every morning as she struggled to get lunches packed, bills paid, and laundry folded.
As an account manager for a popular food brand, she loved the novelty and dynamic energy of working with new people every day and offering value for her clients.
But she struggled to file her reports on time and sit through weekly planning meetings.
It was all too much and her partner was concerned she might be depressed.
When her son began struggling in school and showing signs of distress with having to sit for more than a few moments, she took him to their family doctor who asked a series of questions then recommended an ADHD assessment.
As Sherri listened to the description of how ADHD shows up, she felt a chill run down her spine.
“That’s me,” she thought. “I checked every single box.”
She started researching adult ADHD online and discovered a wealth of stories from other parents that also discovered their neurodivergence in adulthood.
Reading their accounts helped her feel less isolated and she made the decision to talk to her doctor.
After diagnosis, relief and trepidation
After a full adult ADHD assessment, Sherri was diagnosed with Predominantly Combined ADHD.
“It explained so much! All these years I thought there was something wrong with me,” she says.
“Turns out I’m just wired differently.”
But she was concerned. She had overheard colleagues making fun of the rise of ADHD related content on social media and she worried that her friends might mock her for being different.
“The TikTok videos are great, but I can see why my friends might find them silly and annoying,” she admits.
She decided to keep her diagnosis private while she worked with her doctor to find a prescription medication that would help her focus.
ADHD runs in families
ADHD is highly hereditary. When one or more members of the family have it, the odds of another family member being neurodiverse increase, up to 91%.
It’s important to remember that it is not a disease and not a curse. It's a neurodevelopmental disorder that impacts brain function. There are many effective ways of managing ADHD for both adults and children and there is no one size fits all approach.
Some benefit from stimulant medication, while others learn to thrive with the right support, exercise, good sleep hygiene, and plenty of self compassion.
It’s also not anyone’s fault and despite some myths that blame sugar or video games, it’s not caused by environmental factors.
Back on track
Sherri’s doctor recommended she work with a coach and after a few sessions, she started to develop some strategies to help her cope with the mountain of laundry and dishes at home.
She was even able to help her son feel better about his diagnosis by creating more play time and exercise. He has supportive teachers and they’ve been able to find a tutor that specializes in kids with ADHD.
“As a family, we’re stronger and more connected after ADHD discovery,” Sherri says. “My son and I are closer and my partner doesn’t have to worry about me so much.”
Sherri has been talking to her manager about a hybrid work option so she can spend more time with her son and her partner has offered to take on tasks that she finds overwhelming, such as the grocery shopping and washing the dishes.
“None of it is perfect, and my life still feels messy and chaotic sometimes, but just knowing there is an explanation gives me immense peace of mind.”
Learn more about ADHD assessments.
A recent online report from ADDitude is raising the alarm about a mental health crisis for adults with ADHD.
According to their survey, 82% of adults with ADHD are in the grip of some form of trauma, at a rate much higher than the general population. These are figures gathered from U.S. statistics, Canada is long overdue for more research on this topic.
More than 50% of those surveyed placed the blame on the negative consequences of the global pandemic which in itself caused widespread loss of life, work, and social connections. Readers also indicated their mental health is worse than ever, with 74% reporting feeling overwhelmed and exhausted and more than half experiencing depression.
In the early months of 2020, physical distancing and sheltering in place were part of a strategy to keep people safe, but as time wore on, people with ADHD were especially prone to feelings of irritability, withdrawal, and apathy.
Add in the myriad ways that social media contributes to feelings of insufficiency, misinformation, and shattered attention, and it’s no wonder anxiety and stress are on the rise.
Trauma is an intense and lasting emotional response to an event over which you had no control. It can come in the form of a physical injury such as a car accident, a loss of a job you loved, bullying, or an ongoing situation that causes serious moral injury. In addition, the intense feelings can interrupt concentration and day-to-day functioning. Often physical feelings of pain, headaches, and nausea that come with trauma that can be debilitating.
Many of the symptoms of trauma and ADHD overlap and they include:
· Difficulty concentrating
· Racing thoughts
· Poor memory
· Emotional dysregulation
· Interrupted sleep and insomnia
· Impulsivity and/or restlessness
· Social withdrawal
· Substance abuse
People with ADHD often have dysregulated nervous systems that have evolved as a coping strategy so in addition to treatments that include stimulant and non-stimulant medication, finding ways to connect with your body can be a powerful method to restore some calm and safety.
Here are some measures you can take to support your mental health.
Body based or somatic therapies
Although somatic therapy is often used in treatment for people with PTSD, many people with ADHD benefit from learning how to check in with their bodies, often after years of feeling numbed out or shut down.
Somatic therapy guides you in how to feel safe in your body so that you are more present to your emotions and day to day stressors.
It’s often referred to as a road map, gently supporting you in understanding how emotions feel in your body so that you can be more aware and respond mindfully to triggers rather than feeling overwhelmed, reactive, or shut down. It also helps to distinguish between distressing external stimuli and a distraction.
It can help you build a sense of agency. For many people with ADHD, life can feel chaotic, uncertain and out of control. But tuning in with your bodily sensations can help you feel more in charge of your life.
Seek out community
It can be difficult for folks with ADHD to find a community that feels natural and safe.
One way to find like-minded people is to check out the event listings on Eventbrite or a community group listing on Facebook. With restrictions easing in Canada, many events are now being held in person with safety protocols in place. If you’re not yet comfortable meeting new people in person, there are many active mental health and social activity groups still meeting online.
It doesn’t necessarily need to be a support or mental health group to have real benefits for your confidence and sense of belonging. If you have a hobby you’re passionate about, search for groups in your area. There’s everything from kite enthusiasts to knitting groups, to pottery classes. Trying something new can bring immense rewards and help build your self-esteem.
Find a qualified therapist
Working with a therapist that understands the complexities of ADHD and has a trauma-informed approach can provide strong support and help you identify your strengths and explore and heal areas that are most troublesome.
We offer a list of therapists that specialize in adult ADHD.
It’s no secret that good therapy is expensive in Canada. But there are some ways to reduce the cost, either with a clinic that offers sliding scale options, or through a provincial benefit program that helps offset the cost.
For more information on how to choose a therapist read our post with insights from a practicing therapist.
Reduce online triggers
This is much easier said than done and there have been countless articles written about the negative impacts of too much social media or news consumption.
But for people with ADHD, it can be deeply distressing and cause lasting negative impacts on your mood and well-being.
Many smartphones now offer an option to limit social media to certain hours of the day, you can also turn off the news feeds in your settings and or consider using an app such as Freedom, to block the sites and apps that aren’t serving your overall wellness.
While there is no magic bullet to help you cope with trauma, there are incremental changes you can make that will bring some relief. You are not alone and there is help available.
If you are in crisis, don’t delay and seek help today.
Here is a list of agencies that offer real time support:
Hope for Wellness Help Line for Indigenous Peoples
(Canada-wide, provides culturally appropriate support and referrals)
Call 1-855-242-3310 (toll-free)
Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA)
Crisis Centre BC
Immediate support for individuals in BC
October is ADHD Awareness Month and there is a lot of information floating around online about the challenging aspects of ADHD. While it’s vital to consider the entire picture of what it means to be neurodivergent, it can also increase anxiety and stress to focus on the more troublesome aspects of ADHD.
If you’re on the discovery path, check out our other blogs that highlight various ADHD challenges and steps you can take to set yourself up for success, including coaching and therapy.
It’s easy to become overwhelmed by the onslaught of information and overlook the positive traits of being wired differently, but they are worth exploring. Bolstering your mental health toolkit with some affirmative ideas can support you on your path to flourishing.
While some practitioners and well-known researchers like to call ADHD a superpower, the reality is much more subtle.
Read on to learn more about the upsides of ADHD.
Courage and Resilience
During a recent presentation at the CADDRA conference, Dora Wynchank, a renowned psychiatrist from the Netherlands gave an excellent overview of the strengths that ADHD’ers possess. She was quick to point out that even though people with ADHD, especially women, struggle with intimacy and relationships, they are also known for deep empathy and creativity.
Other highlights from her talk include the high levels of courage that people with ADHD develop in order to survive in a world not designed for uniqueness. People with ADHD need to exert much more effort than their peers to complete basic tasks so they develop an ability to step into daunting situations and live most of their time far outside their comfort zone.
Dr. Wynchank also spoke about resilience; getting negative feedback throughout life can lead to diminished self-esteem, but ADHD’ers are often tenacious and creative in solutions seeking. For every negative piece of feedback or career setback, ADHD’ers have dozens of stories of getting back in the game after disappointments.
Cognitive dynamism is a term that refers to a way of thinking that is fluid and rapid. ADHD’ers often speak about their brains as being on fire, or constantly thinking. Viewing the world through a dynamic perspective and living with a more limber and curious brain can be a source of innovation and immense creativity.
Originality and adventure
Non-conformist ADHD’ers don’t find the status quo appealing and this energy is exactly what the world needs to find solutions to social issues. Some of the thorniest challenges throughout history were solved by folks that functioned outside the norm.
ADHD’ers are adventurous: Always up for travelling or seeing the world, it’s an excellent quality to possess and can lead to exhilarating experiences. Even a trip to the market can take on a special quality in the company of an adventurous person with ADHD. Exploring aisle 7 on a quest for puréed pumpkin? Let’s go for it!
Creative: Outside the box thinking. Or put another way: what box? People with ADHD flourish when their creativity is recognized and celebrated. Dr. Wynchank wisely advised anyone working with ADHD folks to applaud all forward progress. Creativity needs nurturing and encouragement to thrive. If you haven’t yet, consider starting a journal with some of your juiciest ideas and let your mind wander in possibility.
Empathy: being neurodivergent means having the capacity to understand the suffering of others and with the rise of social isolation in the last few years, being someone that can relate to the pain and joy of others is an excellent quality to nurture.
The path of ADHD discovery can be intense and filled with grief and confusion. But that doesn’t need to be the whole story. If you’re early in the process, reflecting on your assets and finding community that shares your challenges and triumphs will support you in flourishing on your terms.
If you’re curious about getting assessed for ADHD, visit our private assessments page.
When Suzette popped open her laptop at a café to catch up on some work, she planned to be working happily with the sounds of laughter, steaming milk and pressed coffee in the background.
Unfortunately for her, the vibrant noise of a local coffee house completely disrupted her ability to focus and she spent most of her time people watching instead of working.
“I see all these images on social media of people shredding their to-do lists while sipping an espresso in a funky coffee house and I’m so envious,” she says. “I want so much to be motivated by the energy, but instead I’m scattered and anxious.”
Suzette was diagnosed with ADHD in her mid-thirties after struggling to get her projects done on time as an office manager for a real estate company. Since her work was remote, she thought it would break up her days to walk to a local café to update spreadsheets. Instead, she lost hours of valuable time and was at risk of losing her job.
She did some research and discovered that people with ADHD are acutely impacted by different sounds.
A raucous anthem from their favourite band can help with cleaning up the kitchen, but the same high energy music would feel like nails on a chalkboard while trying to answer an important email.
People with ADHD are known to have heightened sensitivity to the physical environment. Sounds may feel like they’re happening in an intense rush and it can be overwhelming.
That’s why It’s extra important to curate your working environment.
For Suzette, working at her local library while streaming music through her headphones has helped her get control of her tasks.
“There’s a library a few blocks from me so I just set up at a quiet table in the morning and get my work done on time. It’s not the most exciting place, but I feel much more in control of my productivity.”
When neurodivergent people are in hyperfocus, it can be breathtakingly productive. A flurry of emails are written, bills get paid, and household chores get finished in record time.
Sounds can play a major role in setting you up for success. Read on for suggestions on how to make sounds and music work in your favour.
Curate your tunes
Brown noise has been rising in popularity on social media. It’s a specific frequency that’s meant to focus a busy ADHD mind. Studies have shown that it could work due to something called optimal arousal theory, which has been indicated to help neurodiverse people reach a more interested state. This could come in handy when updating code on a website, or organizing your desktop.
More traditional forms of music such as classical and jazz can help with focus so adding Vivaldi, Miles Davis or Mozart to your playlist can help.
Binaural beats, which are best enjoyed with headphones, play sound at a certain frequency with one ear and a sound at a different but similar frequency with your other ear. This coaxes your brain to produce a sound with the frequency of the difference between the two tones and it has been known to increase dopamine levels.
Many people report music with lyrics to be too distracting, so choosing an ambient playlist to keep you on track is a great idea. If your using a streaming service, commercials can be very disruptive so choose a service that gives you constant streaming without interruptions.
Seek out quiet spaces
Popular culture is filled with images of people typing away in busy environments, but the reality of ADHD’ers who may also be grappling with sensory processing challenges, it can be the worst place to complete work that requires linear thought.
If silence is too much, some people find running a fan or other appliance can help.
In a pinch, noise cancelling headphones can help blot out disruptive noise if you find yourself having to get work done in an open office or busy airport.
Remember, there is no one size fits all when it comes to managing noise distractions and what may have worked in the past may need rethinking depending on your work, school, and family priorities.
For more information on how ADHD impacts day-to-day life, read our blog about sensory overwhelm.
Do you find yourself always late for appointments because you have not factored in the “true” time it takes to get ready and get there?
Do you miss deadlines, because you think you have plenty of time left to complete your work?
Do little microbreaks from your work tasks end up consuming your whole day?
Have you ever sat down to plan a budget or get ready for a big life event and felt as though it was impossible to conceive?
If some or all of these scenarios seem familiar, it’s likely due to time blindness.
First popularized by ADHD researcher Dr. Russell Barkley in a 1997 paper about self-regulation and time perception in people with ADHD, Dr. Barkley also called this phenomenon temporal myopia. Put another way, literal near-sightedness to time.
Some folks in the disability community are uncomfortable with the term, but as of this writing, there hasn’t been a widely accepted alternative.
It’s important to understand that time blindness is the result of perception so working with your strengths and calling in support when you need it can really help.
Many adults are able to conceive and plan three months into the future, but with ADHD’ers, it’s closer to a week or two, sometimes even less. The future can feel like an abstract fantasy, which leads to a lack of urgency.
Reduced time horizons make it difficult to plan for the future and set goals.
The good news is there are proven ways to address this.
Watch out for time sinks
Social media, with its potential for infinite scrolling can rob you of valuable attention and time throughout the day. Logging on to post a photo can lead to an array of rabbit holes and may even trigger feelings of inadequacies, the last thing neurodiverse people need!
Try blocking specific times of day to interact via social media. Many people report holding off until later in the day when work is done also helps lower the chance of being exposed to negative news. There are also blocking apps that will prevent you from accessing social media during certain times of the day.
Track your days
Add a day in your calendar to record how long it actually takes to do things. For example, when answering an email, set a timer and log the amount of time it takes into a document. Making lunch? Set a timer.
Record every activity, even leisure time. Don’t sweat it if some tasks take longer than others, this is simply a way for you to get realistic about how long things take during the day so you can approach your work and responsibilities with more ease and realistic expectations.
Speaking of alarms, set up reminders and alarms on your devices and have a wall mounted or digital clock within your field of vision. It’s a good idea to build in some transition times for screen breaks and exercise. Being pulled from one task to another without a sufficient break can be extra taxing for adults with ADHD, so work with your abilities, not against them.
Schedule planning time
When you put your goals and budgets into a planner or document, it gets easier to see how much time you have to meet your deadlines and responsibilities. Having dates on your wall calendar can help with visualizing where tasks are at and what still needs to be accomplished.
Chunk it down
ADHD’ers can get overwhelmed with multiple projects and assignments, that’s why it’s key to create small doable tasks and set a timer to track how long it will take to get work completed.
There is also a risk of being given too much time, without tools and a blueprint of action, it can feel like being sucked into quicksand.
Building in small wins throughout the day, which provide extra motivation will help keep you on track to your goals.
Bring in a coach
Working with a coach can help you get back on track when things feel out of control in your day-to-day responsibilities. Many coaches offer programs aimed specifically at supporting you in time management.
Time blindness can cause unwanted frustrations throughout the day and can impact your long-term health, career and personal goals, but by setting yourself up with supportive apps, careful planning, a coach, and setting alarms, you’ll be well on your way to managing it.
For more ADHD content and inspiration, check out our new TikTok @adultADHDCentre and YouTube channel!
Robbie McDonald was diagnosed with ADHD in mid-life and writes about mental health from her home in the beautiful Pacific Northwest.